- Protection against Destitution and Hunger
- Protections Against Unemployment
- Protection Against Old Age vulnerabilities
- Protections against Sickness and infirmity
- Protections against Severe Disabilities
- Cross-cutting Initiatives
Hunger and destitution led by Poverty plays a vital role in diminishing the status of wellbeing of the vulnerable group. According to National Poverty Report (2015-16), the 24.3 percent people are still living below poverty line. The most vulnerable group of poor includes women, children, disabled and old age people. The majority of the poor people live in rural area and these people are unskilled, and engage in informal sector. The poor also lack in all of the basic human, physical and productive assets and have limited or no access to essential social services. These social and economic constraints lead towards destitution and protection against these constraints becomes paramount and far-reaching. Through the medium of better Research & Development, SPRC aims to contribute in policy-making and advocacy for the protection against destitution and hunger in the most eminent manner.
Unemployment is increasing with the increase in population day by day, especially in developing countries. According to the Economic Survey of Pakistan (2018-19), the 3.79 million people are unemployed in Pakistan. The scarcity of employment opportunities have increased and real earnings have declined. Currently, the total labor force in Pakistan is 66 million and out of total labor force, 94.21 percent people are employed and 5.79 percent people are unemployed. SPRC aims to introduce sustainable interventions for protection against unemployment, which refers to the opening up of new opportunities where more and more people can be employed and the existing labor force should be given security through productive social protection and effective rules and regulations of labor market.
Vulnerabilities in old age are the serious matter of concern and pose greater challenges in a broader perspective. Old age population in Pakistan is estimated to be around 12.5 million, which makes 7 percent of the country’s total population. It is expected to be even higher increase in the elderly population of Pakistan in the near future. Older people face different challenges related to health, economic and social issues. Older people also suffer from poverty due to lack of physical and psychological ability to work. Ageing population increases dependency on the working population as their contribution to the economy declines and their needs increase with the age. The elderly women are worse off than elderly men in terms of physical, social and economic wellbeing, especially in the developing economies like Pakistan with high gender inequality. Pakistan’s economy needs to be prepared to deal with this incoming change in demographics, in order to maximize the nation’s wellbeing. Hence, there is need to provide social assistance, insurance and security for the improvement of well-being of older persons through inclusive and defined social protection system in the country.
SPRC Dialogue Series Future of eobi
Poor health conditions leads to sickness and infirmity. Ailing conditions of people needs to be protected by the state and other stakeholders of social sector. The healthcare system of Pakistan is not so much appealing, which puts extra pressure to provide the better healthcare facilities by developing a good healthcare system. Vulnerable groups including poor class, old age and disabled people, who are more affected by sickness and infirmity and need to be protected on priority basis. SPRC aims to enable protection against sickness and infirmity through better policy-making and advocacy by collaborating with Government and other key stakeholders.
Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments. A person with disability cannot participate fully and effectively in society on an equal basis with others. In Pakistan, persons with disability including children faces range of attitudinal, physical and systematic barriers when they try to access the health facilities, education, trainings and employment opportunities. Therefore, SPRC aims to look for the actions and interventions, which are required to ensure the access to health facilities, education, training and employment opportunities on an equal basis with others.
COVID-19 & Social Protection